DigLynden Tree Removal Service Company specializes in difficult tree service applications. This job, off of Chuckanut Drive, was no exception.
A maple tree had grown out of control and was in need of a little hair cut. The hot wires were far enough away to be a caution but no extra effort was necessary. The only thing we did different was, instead of making an undercut in the branch, I just got right through the top. This causes the branch of the tree to stay connected longer and results in the branch snapping off and falling straight down to the ground. Avoiding the wires in this case.
Couple things interesting about this tree job. One was how much the customer, Rolf, complimented me on my recommendation of what should be done with this tree. I don’t always recommend removal and certainly don’t recommend more cutting than is absolutely needed. Rolf appreciated how I studied the tree to come up with a good plan to minimize cutting and achieve the desired result.
The second thing about this tree work that was interesting was that in maple trees the branches are spread out in every direction. A lot of times in maple trees the climber, in order to save time and not have to go all the way to the ground and climb back up the tree on the work trunk, maples have three or four major trunks going up, they will traverse over to the work area. Easier said than done, sometimes. I was in the process of traversing 20′ over through open space and the repelling rope got bound and I couldn’t move forward. After 5 or so minutes of trying to press on I had to back up. I was underneath the branch I left to start the traverse and needed to get back on top of it to free the rope. Put one leg over the branch and used the other leg to kip myself up from beneath. This is done by putting your leg as high as you can and whipping it down, causing your whole body to move in that direction from the momentum. Took a couple of kip ups but we finally got on top of the branch, got re-situated and swung back down to start the traverse again. Not a problem, other than it took a ton of energy.
Finish this tree service work with a thorough cleaning of the work area and a nice conversation with Rolf about his koi pond. Beautiful property off of Chuckanut, near Bellingham WA.
DigLynden Tree Removal Service Company – we appreciate your business. Estimates and advice is free. 360-318-9795
This dangerous Maple, near Bellingham WA, was completely rotten out in the base, and needed an extra safety precaution to maximize positive results for removal.
The problem was that the maple tree was leaning toward a bridge crossing Dakota Creek. It looked like the maple tree would just crash into the ones in-front of it if it did naturally break and fall but the home owner didn’t want to take the chance.
Cut off a few medium sized branches on the way up but the top had another problem. Like the base of the trunk of the tree, the top was scared and rotting out. The possible danger is the maple tree spitting down the center as I make the back-cut. You can use a lot of different things, chains, ropes, chokers, are all used but for this one I used my repelling rope and looped it around the tree seven times. If the tree splits these rope binds will hold the tree together and it will usually break off. This is especially true when you take a large top. The top of this maple tree was about 30′ and could have the weight needed to split the tree in half. It’s a serious concern and one not to mess with.
Started through the back cut and down it came.
Dangerous maple tree rendered safe near Bellingham WA by DigLynden Tree Service
Lowered the smaller saw and brought up the Husky 385. With this saw and a sharp 32″ chain is was like cutting through butta.
This is the second job for John and it looks like there will be more tree service for him in the future. You price things fair and do a great clean-up and more times than not, you end up coming back.
It’s been a good spring for DigLynden Tree Service, we are booked out and going on estimates all week long. Thank you, Bellingham and Whatcom County for choosing DigLydnen Tree Service to provide your professional tree service work.
Tim Bento – Ownerdiglynden@gmail.com
Like the name says, DigLynden, cause we love digging up trees and transplanting them in and around Bellingham WA and all of Whatcom County. Although most of our time is devoted to removing dangerous trees from around homes in Bellingham WA, we get calls to take out bushes, hedges, and all sorts of viable plants. We have a wonderful 4 acre piece of ground we call home in Lynden and fill it will all kinds of trees and plants that would normally get cut down and thrown away.
Hedging a 50' row of arborvitae at the Rusty Wagon near Bellingham WA
Kevin, over at the Rusty Wagon, needed a 50′ row of arborvitae leveled and some removed and graciously gave the job to us at DigLynden Tree Service. Over the years I have taken out hundreds of plants and bushes all over Bellingham and Whatcom County.
It’s not an easy task. Plants and trees do not like to be uprooted. But I can’t seem to see them thrown away, so I go way beyond the quote to remove them and bring in my tractor and make it an adventure. I am asked to do a lot of tree service removal, so it’s great to keep as much alive as I can.
When transplanting trees and bushes I like to dig deep on one side. When I put the backhoe on the back-side of the tree it pulls the entire root mass out with minimal damage. I don’t have time to take a huge root ball, so the success rate is not as good as it would be if you did, but I get a lot of the trees that I transplant to live. Just can’t let them get dry at all for a good year.
To see if DigLynden Tree Service can transplant your trees or for any tree care need give us a call at (360) 318-9795
Our customer today had bought a home with a raised flower bed around the outside of the backyard that had seven stumps left in it from a previous owner. We used a small stump grinder that allows us to get through gates and onto smaller areas to get this type of tree service done.
Time for a root canal by DigLydnen Tree Service
There were seven stumps that needed to come out.
One of the main issues that arise with stump grinding is the mess. Chips can fly everywhere. We always set up a tarp around the area we are chipping. The process also creates a lot of debris. So much so, that it needs to be hauled away. One of the things we include in our stump grinding is removal of the debris if you like. It can fill the back of a truck.
We look for trailer roots and remove them as well. The neighbor wanted two small stumps removed from between her sidewalk and house. No room for the stump grinder. Besides there were water lines, and other obstacles I wasn’t sure what they were. Had to get these out the old fashion way. Dug them out and cut off the roots with a chainsaw. Works good but pretty much destroys the chain. Cleaned up all the debris and got the area ready for some flowers.
We have several stump grinders to choose from for this tree service. One mounts on our tractor, and is great for multiple small stumps. We did over 3,000 stumps for Holmquist Hazelnut Farm up in Lynden a few summers ago.
Hi Lee and Karen,
Thank you for allowing DigLynden Tree Service the opportunity to earn your tree service business.
To limb the cedar tree up approx 20′ is $350.00. Add $100.00 if the branches must be pulled to Sunrise.
To remove the cedar tree completely to the ground is $1,100.00. Add $400.00 if the branches and rounds must be pulled to Sunrise.
Thank you very much.
Tim Bento DigLynden Tree Servicediglynden@gmail.com 360-318-9795
80' Cottonwood next to home near Bellingham WA
It’s nice sometimes to do tree service work in Bellingham WA where you drop the tree and walk away. Although roughly have the expense of removing trees is the cost of clean-up. And we do appreciate that extra service.
This tree job was a lot of fun.
It was an 80’ foot cottonwood five feet away from the side of the garage.
It can be difficult to read the balance of a cottonwood tree. That means being able to know the overall balance of the weight of the tree and which way it naturally wants to fall. Since cottonwood branches go out from every direction near the top, the favor to the lay is more difficult to see. Because of this, to improve safety, we will climb up and put a pull rope in the tree. For this cottonwood we used a one inch, 150’ foot rope with a come-a-long to create a lean away from the house. This is done by climbing up to about the top third of the tree.
Once we have the pull rope set, we repel down and get ready for felling the tree. I like to have two saws running when dropping trees. I also always fill gas tanks and have wedges ready. I wedge every time. A few extra precautions on every job makes a difference in preventing failure. Although predictable, the tree will surprise you and set back. The pull rope and wedges are there to get the tree going in the right direction again. By leaving a two to three inch piece of hinge wood, that’s the narrow strip of wood between the face cut and the back cut, you can use the come-a-long to bring the tree over and safely down.
DigLynden Tree Service Company does a lot of tree service work near Bellingham WA. We also do many jobs throughout Whatcom County. Lots of jobs in Lynden, Ferndale, Sumas, Everson, and Blaine. We are going on our 8th year as a tree removal company in Bellingham WA and appreciate every job.
We can help with timber marketing.
For a free estimate, call 360-318-9795
When DigLynden leaves, there’s nothing but the smell of the tree left.
Tim Bento – Ownerdiglynden@gmail.com
DigLynden Tree Service (360-318-9795), serving Bellingham WA and all of Whatcom
Tree Service Experience is the name of the game Bellingham
County, is utilizing the skill and experience of a professional tree feller.
With 13 years of daily falling for Weyerhaeuser, Steve is a pro. Averaging 125 trees per day for 13 years, he considers a 12″ margin of error generous. Watching him work is amazing. Operating on a level of confidence, there is no fear when he decides it’s a go ahead, that the tree will end up on the lay.
At a recent job near Bellingham WA, Steve performed to the top-level of his field. Dropping two 70′ cottonwoods within 10′ feet of the home, the margin is Steve’s mind was the size of a football field. I got to help out by limbing and taking out the tops, but dropping trees of that length helped get them to the mill at maximum value. And we did find a market for the cottonwoods.
To insure the tree hitting the lay, if there is any question as to the balance of the tree we tie a pull rope and either use a come-a-long or truck to pull it over. On this tree job we had a cottonwood in the very back of the property leaning away from the lay. I climbed up around 40′ to place to pull rope, tied it to our truck, and as Steve was doing the back cut, we kept pressure on the rope until it sat up and began to favor the lay. Once the tree was sitting up, Steve gave the nod and I pulled hard with the truck. Once it starts it goes. Great feeling seeing dangerous trees on the ground.
90' up a cottonwood near Bellingham WA
DigLydnen gets most of its business from repeat customers. Enough new come in to add to the month, but we are steady and busy. When DigLydnen leaves a tree service job in Bellingham WA and all of its other cities, there is nothing left but the smell!
For a free estimate on any tree service need you may have in Bellingham or Whatcom County WA please call 360-318-9795.
The Tree Information and Reference Guide
Arbor Day is the day when people around the world celebrate and plant trees through community programs or school events. The US Arbor Day is celebrated on different days, usually during the spring. It was started on April 10, 1872 in Nebraska City in the United States by J. Sterling Morton. On this day, participants are encouraged plant trees and recognize the importance of trees.
The Arbor Day Foundation
Arbor Day in Virginia
Happy Arbor Day
The History of Arbor Day
Arbor Day in Tennessee
Mulching is the method used to keep plants, trees, and shrubs healthy. It helps to conserve moisture and reduce the loss of moisture from soil through evaporation. Mulches prevent fungus infection and soil borne diseases, maintaining a constant soil temperature in different weather conditions to promote the growth of earth worms and microorganisms which make the soil fertile. Yard waste, dry grass, twigs, leaves, newspapers, peanuts, wood clips, sawdust, and wheat straw are some of the organic mulch materials which decompose to promote the growth of microorganisms in soil. Excess mulch is not encouraged because the plants can get damaged by herbicides and fertilizers.
Mulching Landscape Plants
Mulching Invasive Redcedar
Composting & Mulching
Mulching Trees & Shrubs
The application of fertilizers to plants is called fertilizing, and excess fertilizer can inhibit the plant’s growth in some cases. It also pollutes lakes, streams, and rivers. Fertilizers contain mineral elements such as nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium. Urea is a fertilizer made from nitrogen. Natural fertilizers such as cottonseed meal, dried blood, fish emulsion or animal manure can also be used to provide nutrition to the soil. Soil testing is done to assess the need of a type of fertilizer, for which, a sample of soil is collected to be analyzed for pH and presence of mineral components.
Fertilizing Trees & Shrubs
More on Fertilizing Trees & Shrubs
Tree anatomy consists of trunk, branches, and roots. The trunk is made up of layers of wood over the older wood. On the top is the dead bark which protects the wood from environmental elements. Branches are attached to the tree trunk and interlocking tissues are produced year after year, holding the trunk and the branch base. Mostly, roots develop and survive in the top 3 feet below the soil and they need adequate moisture and oxygen to grow.
Inside a Tree Trunk
Tree Anatomy 101
Secondary Growth Anatomy & Tree Rings
Anatomy of a Tree Ring
Gardening in Shade
Shades can be partial, open, filtered or dense. Filtered shade can be found below the trees of honey locust, birch, and mimosa. Open shade refers to the shade where there is no tree to block the sunlight and plants are grown in shade of a building. Partial shade changes as the day proceeds, and deep shade is found in heavily wooded landscapes.
Made in the Shade
Problems from Roots
Mulching exposed roots prevent soil erosion and they protect the roots from heating up in direct contact with sunlight. The septic system occurs around the sewer lines and septic field, and tree roots can damage the pipes as the trees grow into the cracks and widen the breaks. Roots can cause cracks on pavements and sidewalks so barriers should be erected in the soil to prevent it. Many trees such as wild cherry and sweet gums re-sprout when they are cut and care should be taken to bury wood after cutting to prevent re-sprouting.
Tree Root Damage
When Tree Roots Surface
Understanding Tree Roots
To plant trees, you will have to select the plants or trees which are most suitable for planting in your garden. Care should be taken to select healthy plants with suitable size, color, and shape. The plant should be uniformly shaped, and you should examine the trunk for cankers and splits. Do not select trees with sharp and upright branches. It’s also important to check the container for drainage holes. Examine the root system and avoid circular roots which can choke the plant. Avoid plants with black roots which indicate infection or poor growth.
Tree Selection Guide
What to Consider When Selecting Trees
To plant trees, you need tiling, digging, and preparing the entire bed for the growth of tree or plants. Plants can be grown in three ways: bare roots, container grown or ball and burlapped. Container can be used to grow plants and it is best to start planting during late fall or early spring. These are the times when roots grow into soil. To incorporate organic matter, 3 inches of organic matter can be placed on 12 inches soil. The planting hole should be three times the width of root for container grown plant. Sometimes, the gardener spreads the roots to enable it to grow close to the soil surface to promote root accessibility to oxygen and moisture. To plant trees in poorly drained sites, the roots should be kept partially above the soil level and the soil should be loosened beyond the planting hole to promote aeration.
How to Plant a Tree
Why Plant Trees?
Planting Trees & Woods
Planting a Tree
Trees have self-defense mechanism to prevent wounds and cuts. Tree form a wall or a barrier to seal the injury but the storage capacity of injured wood is lost and you need to prune trees to prevent decay of tree. Pruning is done when the tree is very young and it’s difficult to prune older trees. Pruning should be done when there are problems in tree branches. Pruning of trees such as honey locust, walnut, maple, and birch should be done in late spring, and tree such as dogwoods should be pruned in May, June or July. Certain trees such as River Birch are pruned into multi trunk, and most other trees are pruned to the central trunk.
How to Prune Trees
Pruning Fruit Trees
Damage to Tree
Trees can be damaged when the roots grow in a place where there is inadequate oxygen or moisture. Older trees could not adjust like young trees to the environmental changes and care should be taken while doing any type of construction work close to the trees to prevent damage to trees. Construction material should not be kept below trees. Installations in the house should not be made where they may damage the trees. Removal or filling the soil at the top can cause major changes in the soil and it can have adverse effect on trees. After construction, the bruised bark of the trunk or branches of tree should be allowed to heal. The top and bottom of the tree should be rounded so that moisture and nutrients can flow to the damaged parts. Scatter fertilizers to the roots to promote new foliage growth and apply water to nourish damaged roots. Lightening, storms, snow, and ice are some of the weather conditions when tree branches break due to weight or wind. Pruning is done to prevent further damage to broken trees and branches. Infections and injury by lawn mowers should be taken seriously, and weeds and grass should not be allowed to grow at the base of trees.
Construction Damage to Trees
Repairing Damaged Tree Bark
Ice-Storm Damaged Trees
Reducing Tree Damage in Future Storm
DigLynden Tree Service 360-318-9795 took down seven birch trees off of Trigg Rd. in Ferndale, WA Saturday. Four, somewhat easy, and two that needed a little help.
Randy had done a great job cleaning his wooded area since I was there a couple years ago helping with some dead trees that needed knocked down, but there were a few that needed a little help.
The first one was a huge dead birch. The truck was 50” in diameter. At 15’ it split into two tops going up to about 50’. Completely toast. Put a one inch rope at the crotch where the tops separated and put a good pull on it with a come-a-long. That’s a tool that you don’t go to knock down trees without having in the truck. Tree fallers can really wedge a tree over, but I like the combination of wedge and pull to increase odds to a safe ending.
When I started the back cut on the dead one, the wood chips were flying out looking like the heart was rotted out. I left the hinge wood wide enough to hold the tree up but allow me to pull the tree over with the come-a-long. As the tree was coming over to the lay it just broke apart and came slamming down all in one spot.
Birch Tree in Ferndale WA, your service is not over yet...
The next four birch’s were leaner’s away from a large shop right behind them. They were all in the 70’ range.
The challenge was going to be not getting them hung up in surrounding cedars. The first one ended up getting hung up but I had two more to drop onto it to hopefully get it safely to the ground.
The second one ended up getting hung up on the first. Oh well, one more try.
This birch had a large top branch pulling the tree out of the desired lay, so as soon as I had room from the cutting of the chain I slammed the wedge deep into the back and began lifting the tree over to the lay. Cut a little, slam the wedge, cut a little, slam the wedge. She came down right on the other two pushing them out of the cedars and ending up in a nice stack to start bucking up for firewood.
The last one of these birch trees was leaning completely over the shop. Went up with the one inch rope to about 40’, tied it in and repelled down. Cut the face cut, and as I was cutting the back cut, we kept ratcheting the come-a-long until she stood up and then fell over to the lay. Didn’t get video of this one but here’s another one a did for a friend. Pulling tree over video.
It was a beautiful day to do tree service work in Ferndale WA. Nice and warm with blue skies. April has been great for our tree business this year.
Randy is giving me the wood so DigLynden will have lots of firewood this winter. Wrote a blog on firewood that might be of interest to you.
A birch tree is solid and makes great firewood.
Lots of cutting to do. Love doing tree work in Ferndale WA. The view of Mt. Baker might be the best in Whatcom County.
DigLynden does free estimates and our overhead is low, making for great service at a fair price.
Tim BentoOwner email@example.com
P.S. If you live in Ferndale and would like to be placed on a list for free woodchips, give us a call.
We love rototilling in Bellingham WA and Whatcom County, and getting our customers soil ready for planting!
DigLynden Tree and Tractor Services began providing professional tree removal services in 2004. We now have expanded our scope of operations to include tractor work.Our rototilling service consists of three passes over the intended garden. Most of our customers have gardens less than an acre. It usually takes between one and two hours of till time. There is a buzz about woodchips. Don’t till woodchips directly into the ground. The decaying process sucks all the nitrogen out of the dirt, and you’ll have poor growth.A good routine to get into is to have an ongoing compost pile. All spring and summer long, through your grass clippings, coffee grounds, egg shells, anything but meat, and leaves onto the compost. Try to get a load of woodchips to place into the layers during the year. After each layer, wet it down with the hose and then cover it with a tarp. The decomposing process produces a lot of heat and breaks down the materials faster.
The best thing to do is to turn it over. This can be done every couple of months. Buy yourself a good pitchfork and rake, and have a spot big enough to tumble the pile back and forth throughout the summer. It’s great exercise, you’ll save money, and time chasing dirt at stores, and you’ll have great nutrients for next year. Pick up a couple bags of chicken and rabbit manure during the year and sprinkle some in with each layer. Once you get into a routine, you’ll have great dirt to add to the garden before rototilling every year.DigLynden’s rototilling cost $175.00 plus $35.00 per hour. Most jobs range from $200.00 to $250.00
We purposely bought a mid-size tractor and put “yard” tires on it so we won’t mess up your grass. Our tractor is a John Deere 790, and the rototiller is five feet wide. Really turns and breaks up the dirt.
As a courtesy, we bring two yards of woodchips for your compost. It’s not beauty bark, and it’s based on supplies. Seems like all my friends are asking for woodchips right now. Planting season in Bellingham WA and Whatcom County can be as late as June. Definitely, 1st week of May won’t be too late. The springs here can be very cool and wet. Keep tomatoes covered all season to fight the blight.
Our family has a small hoppy farm on 4 acres in Lynden. We have a couple hundred blueberry bushes, raspberries, lots of veggies, goats, chickens, rabbits, and pigs. We have learned how to forage, and have come to enjoy providing as much of our own food as possible.
We look forward to helping you produce your own crops!
Tim BentoOwner, DigLydnen Tree and Tractor Services (360) 318-9795 or firstname.lastname@example.org
DigLynden did a challenging job this week around the Bellingham WA area safely removing
Great view - Love Bellingham and Whatcom County
8 90′ cottonwoods.
You can see to the left of the tree that I am on that I have already taken out the top. I actually started on the tree that you see me in the picture, but it was so stinking windy that I decided to climb down and take the tops out of the adjacent trees.
Used a great method to safely lower branches over a home on this particular tree job. A lot of tree work allows the climber to cut rounds off and send them crashing to the ground. When the trees are next to homes it requires a technique of lowering the branches and rounds using a port-a-wrap tied to the base of the tree and a pulley tied into the tree as an anchor point. With this method there is no size of tree that can not be safely lowered.
This tree job was particularly difficult because of all the obstacles we needed to avoid crushing. One of the biggest potential headaches was an old 8′ apple tree that a great grandfather planted. After 8 90′ trees on the ground, the apple tree will live to see another season.
The most challenging tree was leaning way toward the house. In order to save the expense of using a crane I originally climbed up and was just going to take real little pieces, lowering them. The top on this cottonwood had been taken out somehow in the past and the remaining portion was rotten, affecting 10′. I was amazed it could hold the weight of the size of branch completely over the house. The plan had to change once I saw how rotten the top had gotten. I wrapped the top part a bunch of times to keep it from falling apart but was never convinced that it would hold my weight. Like to be 99% sure when making decisions that affect life and property. You’re always thinking about catastrophe. Hopefully that keeps you alive.
Well, decided to call my friend, Jeff Likell, who owns Precision Crane.
Hanging around the office!
I have been using Precision Crane for sensitive tree work in the Bellingham area since we went on our own with DigLynden Tree Service in 2004. We have done many tree jobs together.
Precision Crane and I did a technique that we haven’t had to do together before. I tied on to his hook with my steel core flipline, and my repelling rope. He then lifted me up to the area of the branch that we needed to tie off on and I repelled to the cut point from there.
Now it’s just a matter of calling the log truck and hauling these guys to the mill. Found a market for cottonwood that uses them for making pallets.
DigLynden appreciates the opportunity to serve Bellingham WA and all of Whatcom County. We do free estimates and timber value consulting. 360-318-9795
Messianic Prophecies Fulfilled by Jesus
The Old Testament contains numerous prophecies written over 2,500 years ago. Every one of these prophecies was fulfilled in the life of Jesus of Nazareth approximately 2,000 years ago. Even more prophecies concerning the Second Coming of the messiah remained unfulfilled, but the promise of Jesus is that they will be fulfilled in this generation.
Below is a list of messianic Old Testament prophecies I’ve managed to compile. I will attempt to make this list as exhaustive as possible, so if you notice a missing prophecy, please email me, and I’ll do my best to make this list an authoritative source on the subject.
1. The Messiah will be born in Bethlehem.
Old Testament Prophecy: “But you, O Bethlehem Ephrathah, are only a small village in Judah. Yet a ruler of Israel will come from you, one whose origins are from the distant past.” Micah 5:2 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “Jesus was born in the town of Bethlehem in Judea, during the reign of King Herod.” Matthew 2:1 (NLT)
2. The Messiah will be a descendant of Judah.
Old Testament Prophecy: “The scepter will not depart from Judah, nor the ruler’s staff from his descendants, until the coming of the one to whom it belongs, the one whom all nations will obey.” Genesis 49:10 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: Luke 3:23-38 and Matthew 1:1-17 confirm that Jesus is a descendant of Judah.
3. Great kings will pay homage and tribute to the Messiah.
Old Testament Prophecy: “The western kings of Tarshish and the islands will bring him tribute. The eastern kings of Sheba and Seba will bring him gifts.” Psalm 72:10-11(NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “About that time, some wise men from eastern lands arrived in Jerusalem, asking, ‘Where is the newborn king of the Jews? We have seen his as it arose, and we have come to worship him.” Matthew 2:1-2 (NLT)
“They entered the house where the child and his mother, Mary, were, and they fell down before him and worshiped him.” Matthew 2:11 (NLT)
4. The Messiah will be a descendant of David.
Old Testament Prophecies: “The Lord swore to David a promise he will never take back: ‘I will place one of your descendants on your throne. If your descendants obey the terms of my covenant and follow the decrees that I teach them, then your royal line will never end.” Psalm 132:11 (NLT)
“‘For the time is coming,’ says the Lord, ‘when I will place a righteous Branch on King David’s throne. He will be a King who rules with wisdom. He will do what is just and right through the land.” Jeremiah 23:5-6 (NLT)
“At that time I will bring to the throne of David a righteous descendant, and he will do what is just and right throughout the land.” Jeremiah 33:15 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “He will be very great and will be called the Son of the Most High. And the Lord God will give him the throne of his ancestor David. And he will reign over Israel forever; his Kingdom will never end!” Luke 1:32-33 (NLT)
5. The Messiah will be born of a virgin.
Old Testament Prophecy: “All right then, the Lord himself will choose the sign. Look! The virgin will conceive a child! She will give birth to a son and will call him Immanuel – ‘God is with us.’” Isaiah 7:14 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “But while she was still a virgin, she became pregnant by the Holy Spirit. Joseph, her fiancé, being a just man, decided to break the engagement quietly, so as not to disgrace her publicly. As he considered this, he fell asleep, and an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream. ‘Joseph, son of David,’ the angel said, ‘do not be afraid to go ahead with your marriage to Mary. For the child within her has been conceived by the Holy Spirit. And she will have a son, and you are to name him Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins.’” Matthew 1:18-21 (NLT)
6. Children will be killed in effort to kill the Messiah.
Old Testament Prophecy: “This is what the Lord says: ‘A cry of anguish is heard in Ramah – mourning and weeping unrestrained. Rachel weeps for her children, refusing to be comforted – for her children are dead.” Jeremiah 31:15 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “Herod was furious when he learned that the wise men had outwitted him. He sent soldiers to kill al the boys in and around Bethlehem who were two years old and under, because the wise men had him the star first appeared to them about two years earlier. Herod’s brutal action fulfilled the prophecy of Jeremiah.”Matthew 2:16-17 (NLT)
7. The Messiah will be taken to Egypt.
Old Testament Prophecy: “When Israel was a child, I loved him as a son, and I called my son out of Egypt.” Hosea 11:1 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “That night Joseph left for Egypt with the child and Mary, his mother, and they stayed there until Herod’s death. This fulfilled what the Lord had spoken through the prophet: ‘I called my Son out of Egypt.’” Matthew 2:14-15 (NLT)
8. The Messiah will be the Son of God.
Old Testament Prophecy: “The king proclaims the Lord’s decree: ‘The Lord said to me, ‘You are my son. Today, I have become your Father. Only ask, and I will give you the nations as your inheritance, the ends of the earth as your possession.” Psalm 2:7-8 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “And a voice from heaven said, ‘This is my beloved Son, and I am fully pleased with him.’” Matthew 3:17 (NLT)
9. The Messiah will be heralded by the messenger of the Lord.
Old Testament Prophecy: “Listen! I hear the voice of someone shouting, ‘Make a highway for the Lord through the wilderness. Make a straight, smooth road through the desert for our God. Fill the valleys and level the hills. Straighten out the curves and smooth off the rough spots. Then the glory of the Lord will be revealed, and all the people will see it together. The Lord has spoken!” Isaiah 40:3-5 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “In those days John the Baptist began preaching in the Judean wilderness. His message was, ‘Turn from your sins and turn to God, because the Kingdom of Heaven is near.’ Isaiah had spoken of John when he said, ‘He is a voice shouting in the wilderness: ‘Prepare a pathway for the Lord’s coming! Make a straight road for him!’” Matthew 3:1-3 (NLT)
10. The Messiah will be anointed by the Holy Spirit.
Old Testament Prophecy: “And the Spirit of the Lord will rest on him – the Spirit of wisdom and understanding, the Spirit of counsel and might, the Spirit of knowledge and fear of the Lord.” Isaiah 11:2 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “After his baptism, as Jesus came up out of the water, the heavens were opened and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and settling on him. And a voice from heaven said, ‘This is my beloved Son, and I am fully pleased with him.’” Matthew 3:16-17 (NLT)
11. The Messiah will bring light to Galilee.
Old Testament Prophecy: “Nevertheless, that time of darkness and despair will not go on forever. The land of Zebulun and Naphtali will soon be humbled, but there will be a time in the future when Galilee of the Gentiless, which lies along the road that runs between the Jordan and the sea, will be filled with glory. The people who walk in darkness will see a great light – a light that will shine on all who live in the land where death casts its shadow.” Isaiah 9:1-2 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “When Jesus heard that John had been arrested, he left Judea and returned to Galilee. But instead of going to Nazareth, he went to Capernaum, beside the Sea of Galilee, in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali.” Matthew 4:12-16 (NLT)
12. The Messiah will preach good news to the poor, comfort the broken hearted, and announce the year of the Lord’s favor.
Old Testament Prophecy: “The Spirit of the Sovereign Lord is upon me, because the Lord has appointed me to bring good news to the poor. He has sent me to comfort the brokenhearted and to announce that captives will be released and prisoners will be freed. He has sent me to tell those who mourn that the time of the Lord’s favor has come.”Isaiah 61:1-2 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “When he came to the village of Nazareth, his boyhood home, he went as usual to the synagogue on the Sabbath and stood up to read the Scriptures. The scroll containing the messages of Isaiah the prophet was handed to him, and he unrolled the scroll to the place where it says: ‘The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, for he has appointed me to preach Good News to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim that captives will be released, that the blind will see, that the downtrodden will be freed from their oppressors, and that the time of the Lord’s favor has come.’ He rolled up the scroll, handed it back to the attendant, and sat down. Everyone in the synagogue stared at him intently. Then he said, ‘This Scripture has come true today before your very eyes!’” Luke 4:16-21 (NLT)
13. The Messiah will be hated without cause.
Old Testament Prophecy: “Don’t let my treacherous enemies rejoice over my defeat. Don’t let those who hate me without cause gloat over my sorrow.” Psalm 35:19 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “Anyone who hates me hates my Father, too. If I hadn’t done such miraculous signs among them that no one else could do, they would not be counted guilty. But as it is, they saw all that I did and yet hated both of us – me and my Father.” John 15:23-25 (NLT)
14. The Messiah will make the blind see, the deaf hear, the lame walk, and the mute speak.
Old Testament Prophecy: “And when he comes, he will open the eyes of the blind and unstop the ears of the deaf. The lame will leap like a deer, and those who cannot speak will shout and sing!” Isaiah 35:5-6 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “John the Baptist, who was now in prison, heard about all the things the Messiah was doing. So he sent his disciples to ask Jesus, ‘Are you really the Messiah we’ve been waiting for, or should we keep looking for someone else?’ Jesus told them, ‘Go back to John and tell him about what you have heard and seen – the blind see, the lame walk, the lepers are cured, the deaf hear, the dead are raised to life, and the Good News is being preached to the poor. And tell him: ‘God blesses those who are not offended by me.’’” Matthew 11:2-6 (NLT)
15. The Messiah will enter Jerusalem riding a donkey.
Old Testament Prophecy: “Rejoice greatly, O people of Zion! Shout in triumph, O people of Jerusalem! Look, your king is coming to you. He is righteous and victorious, yet he is humble, riding on a donkey – even on a donkey’s colt.” Zechariah 9:9 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “Jesus sent two of them on ahead. ‘Go into the village over there,’ he said, ‘and you will see a donkey tied there, with its colt beside it. Untie them and bring them here. If anyone asks what you are doing, just say, ‘The Lord need them,’ and he will immediately them.’” Matthew 21:1-4 (NLT)
“The two disciples did as Jesus said. They brought the animals to him and threw their garments over the colt, and he sat on it. Most of the crowd spread their coats on the road ahead of Jesus, and other cut branches from the trees and spread them on the road. He was in the center of the procession, and the crowds all around him were shouting, ‘Praise God for the Son of David! Bless the one who comes in the name of the Lord! Praise God in the highest heaven!’ The entire city of Jerusalem was stirred as he entered. ‘Who is this?’ they asked. And the crowds replied, ‘It’s Jesus, the prophet from Nazareth in Galilee.’” Matthew 21:6-11 (NLT)
16. The Messiah will arrive in Jerusalem at a specified time.
Old Testament Prophecy: “Now listen and understand! Seven sets of seven plus sixty-two sets of seven will pass from the time the command is given to rebuild Jerusalem until the Anointed One comes.” Daniel 9:25 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “But when the right time came, God sent his Son, born of a woman, subject to the law.” Galatians 4:4 (NLT)
Read more about the 483 years prophecy and its fulfillment to the day.
17. The Messiah will enter the Temple with authority.
Old Testament Prophecy: “‘Look! I am sending my messenger, and he will prepare the way before me. Then the Lord you are seeking will suddenly come to his Temple. The messenger of the covenant, whom you look for so eagerly, is surely coming,’ says the Lord Almighty.” Malachi 3:1 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “Jesus entered the Temple and began to drive out the merchants and their customers. He knocked over the tables of the money changers and the stalls of those selling doves. He said, ‘The Scriptures declare, ‘My Temple will be called a place of prayer,’ but you have turned it into a den of thieves!’” Matthew 21:12-13(NLT)
18. The Messiah will be rejected.
Old Testament Prophecy: “He was despised and rejected – a man of sorrows, acquainted with bitterest grief. We turned our backs on him and looked the other way when he went by. He was despised, and we did not care.” Isaiah 53:3 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “And Pilate said to the people, ‘Here is your king!’ ‘Away with him,’ they yelled. ‘Away with him – crucify him!’ ‘What? Crucify your king?’ Pilate asked. ‘We have no king but Caesar,’ the leading priests shouted back.” John 19:14-15 (NLT)
19. The Messiah will be silent in front of his accusers.
Old Testament Prophecy: “He was oppressed and treated harshly, yet he never said a word. He was led as a lamb to the slaughter. And as a sheep is silent before the shearers, he did not open his mouth.” Isaiah 53:7 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “Then the high priest stood up and said to Jesus, ‘Well, aren’t you going to answer these charges? What do you have to say for yourself?’ But Jesus remained silent.” Matthew 26:62-63 (NLT)
20. The Messiah will be rejected by the Jews.
Old Testament Prophecy: “The stone rejected by the builders has now become the cornerstone. This is the Lord’s doing, and it is marvelous to see.” Pslam 118:22 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “Yes, he is very precious to you who believe. But for those who reject him, ‘The stone that was rejected by the builders has now become the cornerstone.’” 1 Peter 2:7 (NLT)
21. The Messiah will be betrayed by a friend.
Old Testament Prophecy: “Even my best friend, the one I trusted completely, the one who shared my food, has turned against me.” Psalm 41:9 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “The Scriptures declare, ‘The one who shares my food has turned against me,’ and this will soon come true. I tell you this now, so that when it happens you will believe I am the Messiah.” John 13:18-19 (NLT)
“Jesus said, ‘It is the one to whom I give the bread dipped in the sauce.’ And when he had dipped it, he gave it to Judas, son of Simon Iscariot. As soon as Judas had eaten the bread, Satan entered into him.” John 13:26-27 (NLT)
22. The Messiah will be betrayed for 30 pieces of silver.
Old Testament Prophecy: “And I said to them, ‘If you like, give me my wages, whatever I am worth; but only if you want to.’ So they counted out for my wages thirty pieces of silver.” Zechariah 11:12 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “Then Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve disciples, went to the leading priests and asked, ‘How much will you pay me to betray Jesus to you?’ And they gave him thirty pieces of silver.” Matthew 26:14-15 (NLT)
23. The 30 pieces of silver will be thrown in the potter’s field.
Old Testament Prophecy: “And the Lord said to me, ‘Throw it to the potters’ – this magnificent sum at which they valued me! So I took the thirty coins and threw them to the potters in the Temple of the Lord.” Zechariah 11:13 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “When Judas, who had betrayed him, realized that Jesus had been condemned to die, he was filled with remorse. So he took the thirty pieces of silver back to the leading priests and other leaders. ‘I have sinned,’ he declared, ‘for I have betrayed an innocent man.’ ‘What do we care?’ they retorted. ‘That’s your problem.’ Then Judas threw the money onto the floor of the Temple and went out and hanged himself. The leading priests picked up the money. ‘We can’t put it in the Temple treasury,’ they said, ‘since it’s against the law to accept money paid for murder.’ After some discussion they finally decided to buy the potter’s field, and they made it into a cemetery for foreigners. That is why the field is still called the Field of Blood.” Matthew 27:3-8 (NLT)
24. The Messiah will be accused by false witnesses.
Old Testament Prophecy: “Malicious witnesses testify against me. They accuse me of things I don’t even know about.” Psalm 35:11 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “Many false witnesses spoke against him, but they contradicted each other.” Mark 14:56 (NLT)
25. The Messiah will be beaten, mocked, and spit upon.
Old Testament Prophecy: “I give my back to those who beat me and my cheeks to those who pull out my beard. I do not hide from shame, for they mock me and spit in my face.” Isaiah 50:6 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “Then they spit in Jesus’ face and hit him with their fists. And some slapped him, saying, ‘Prophesy to us, you Messiah! Who hit you that time?’”Matthew 26:67 (NLT)
26. The Messiah will be beaten, bloodied, and disfigured.
Old Testament Prophecy: “See, my servant will prosper; he will be highly exalted. Many were amazed when they saw him – beaten and bloodied, so disfigured one would scarcely know he was a person.” Isaiah 52:13-14 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “Then Pilate had Jesus flogged with a lead-tipped whip. The soldiers made a crown of long, sharp thorns and put it on his head, and they put a royal purple robe on him. ‘Hail! King of the Jews!’ they mocked, and they hit him with their fists.” John 19:1-3 (NLT)
27. The Messiah will be mocked and told to save himself.
Old Testament Prophecy: “Everyone who sees me mocks me. They sneer and shake their heads, saying, ‘Is this the one who relies on the Lord? Then let the Lord save him! If the Lord loves him so much, let the Lord rescue him!’” Psalm 22:7-8 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “The leading priests, the teachers of religious law, and the other leaders also mocked Jesus. ‘He saved others,’ they scoffed, ‘but he can’t save himself! So he is the king of Israel, is he? Let him come down from the cross, and we will believe in him! He trusted God – let God show his approval by delivering him! For he said, ‘I am the Son of God.’ And the criminals who were crucified with him also shouted the same insults at him.” Matthew 27:41-44 (NLT)
28. The Messiah’s enemies will pierce his hands and feet.
Old Testament Prophecy: “My enemies surround me like a pack of dogs; an evil gang closes in on me. They have pierced my hands and feet.” Psalm 22:16 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “Carrying the cross by himself, Jesus went to the place called Skull Hill (in Hebrew, Golgotha). There they crucified him.” John 19:17-18 (NLT)
29. The Messiah will be given vinegar and gall to drink.
Old Testament Prophecy: “But instead, they give me poison for food; they offer me sour wine to satisfy my thirst.” Psalm 69:21 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “They offered him wine drugged with myrrh, but he refused it.” Mark 15:23 (NLT)
30. The Messiah’s enemies will divide his clothes among themselves and cast dice for his garments.
Old Testament Prophecy: “My enemies stare at me and gloat. They divide my clothes among themselves and throw dice for my garments.” Psalm 22:17-18 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they divided his clothes among the four of them. They also took his robe, but it was seamless, woven in one piece from the top. So they said, ‘Let’s not tear it but throw dice to see who gets it.’” John 19:23-24 (NLT)
31. The Messiah’s bones will not be broken.
Old Testament Prophecy: “The righteous face many troubles, but the Lord rescues them from each and every one. For the Lord protects them from harm – not one of their bones will be broken!” Psalm 34:19-20 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “The Jewish leaders didn’t want the victims hanging there the next day, which was the Sabbath (and a very special Sabbath at that, because it was the Passover), so they asked Pilate to hasten their deaths by ordering that their legs be broken. Then their bodies could be taken down. So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the two men crucified with Jesus. But when they came to Jesus, they saw that he was dead already, so they didn’t break his legs.” John 19:31-33 (NLT)
32. The Messiah’s life will be poured out like water.
Old Testament Prophecy: “My life is poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint. My heart is like wax, melting within me.” Psalm 22:14 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “One of the soldiers, however, pierced his side with a spear, and blood and water flowed out.” John 19:34 (NLT)
33. The Messiah will be struck down, and his disciples will be scattered.
Old Testament Prophecy: “Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, the man who is my partner, says the Lord Almighty. Strike down the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered, and I will turn against the lambs.” Zechariah 13:7 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “‘Tonight, all of you will desert me,’ Jesus told them.” Matthew 26:31 (NLT)
“At that point, all the disciples deserted him and fled.” Matthew 26:56 (NLT)
34. The Messiah will be buried in a rich man’s grave.
Old Testament Prophecy: “He had done no wrong, and he never deceived anyone. But he was buried like a criminal; he was put in a rich man’s grave.” Isaiah 53:9 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “Joseph took the body and wrapped it in a long linen cloth. He placed it in his own new tomb, which had been carved out of the rock. Then he rolled the great stone across the entrance as he left.” Matthew 27:59-60 (NLT)
35. The Messiah will be killed, appearing to have accomplished nothing.
Old Testament Prophecy: “After this period of sixty-two sets of seven, the Anointed One will be killed, appearing to have accomplished nothing, and a ruler will arise whose armies will destroy the city and the Temple.” Daniel 9:26 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “God publicly endorsed Jesus of Nazareth by doing wonderful miracles, wonders, and signs through him, as you well know. But you followed God’s prearranged plan. With the help of lawless Gentiles, you nailed him to the cross and murdered him. However, God released him from the horrors of death and raised him back to life again, for death could not keep him in its grip.” Acts 2:22-24 (NLT)
Historical Fulfillment: Titus and the Roman legions destroyed the city and the Temple in A.D. 70.
36. The Messiah will be raised from the dead (resurrected).
Old Testament Prophecies: “For you will not leave my soul among the dead or allow your godly one to rot in the grave.” Psalm 16:10 (NLT)
“But as for me, God will redeem my life. He will snatch me from the power of death.” Psalm 49:15 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “Then the angel spoke to the women. ‘Don’t be afraid!’ he said. ‘I know you are looking for Jesus, who was crucified. He isn’t here! He has been raised from the dead, just as he said would happen. Come, see where his body was lying. And now, go quickly and tell his disciples he has been raised from the dead, and he is going ahead of you to Galilee.’” Matthew 28:5-7 (NLT)
37. The Messiah will bear the sins of many and intercede for sinners.
Old Testament Prophecies: “Yet it was our weaknesses he carried; it was our sorrows that weighed him down. And we thought his troubles were a punishment from God for his own sins! But he was wounded and crushed for our sins. He was beaten that we might have peace. He was whipped, and we were healed! All of us have strayed away like sheep. We have left God’s paths to follow our own. Yet the Lord laid on him the guilt and sins of us all.” Isaiah 53:4-6 (NLT)
“From prison and trial they led him away to his death. But who among the people realized that he was dying for their sins – that he was suffering their punishment?” Isaiah 53:8 (NLT)
“But it was the Lord’s good plan to crush him and fill him with grief. Yet when his life is made an offering for sin, he will have a multitude of children, many heirs. He will enjoy a long life, and the Lord’s plan will prosper in his hands. When he sees all that is accomplished by his anguish, he will be satisfied. And because of what he has experienced, my righteous servant will make it possible for many to be counted righteous, for he will bear all their sins. I will give him the honors of one who is mighty and great, because he exposed himself to death. He was counted among those who were sinners. He bore the sins of many and interceded for sinners.” Isaiah 53:10-12 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “For all have sinned; all fall short of God’s glorious standard. Yet now God in his gracious kindness declares us not guilty. He has done this through Christ Jesus, who has freed us by taking away our sins. For God sent Jesus to take the punishment for our sins and to satisfy God’s anger against us. We are made right with God when we believe that Jesus shed his blood, sacrificing his life for us. God was being entirely fair and just when he did not punish those who sinned in former times. And he is entirely fair and just in this present time when he declares sinners to be right in his sight because they believe in Jesus.” Romans 3:23-26 (NLT)
38. The Messiah will ascend to heaven.
Old Testament Prophecy: “When you ascended to the heights, you led a crowd of captives.” Psalm 68:18 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: “While he was blessing them, he left them and was taken up to heaven.” Luke 24:51 (NLT)
39. The Messiah will be served by future generations.
Old Testament Prophecy: “Future generations will also serve him. Our children will hear about the wonders of the Lord. His righteous acts will be told to those yet unborn. They will hear about everything he has done.” Psalm 22:30 (NLT)
New Testament Fulfillment: Every generation since the crucifixion of Christ has heard of his righteous acts and everything he has done. Today, consciously or unconsciously, the name of Jesus graces the lips of everyone on the face of the earth.
If each of these prophecies is given a 50/50 probability of occurring in the life of one individual, the odds of fulfilling all 39 prophecies above would be:
1 in 549,755,813,900
Given that approximately 6.5 billion people now inhabit the earth, it seems reasonable to believe that no more than 20 to 30 billion people have ever lived on earth. Yet Jesus is the only person whose life fulfills each and every one of the messianic prophecies. In addition, given that the odds of fulfilling some of these prophecies far exceed the 50/50 assumption, we can rest assured that, at the very least, the life of Jesus of Nazareth is one that is statistically significant and merits a deep examination by every individual on earth.
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A sidewalk clearing plow in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Snowblower in Rocky Mountain National Park, 1933
Snow removal is the job of removing snow after a snowfall to make travel easier and safer. This is done by both individual households and by governments and institutions.
De-icing is defined as removal of existing, snow ice, frost, etc., from a surface. It includes both mechanical (plowing or scraping) or chemical (application of salt or other ice melting chemicals) methods.
Anti-icing is defined as the pretreatment of a roadway, sidewalk or parking lot with ice melting chemicals before a storm, to prevent or delay the formation of ice, or the adhesion of ice and snow. Brine or wetted salt is usually applied shortly before a snowstorm arrives. Properly performed, anti-icing can significantly reduce the amount of salt required, and allows easier removal by mechanical methods (snowplows).
De-icing of roads has traditionally been done with salt, spread by snowplows or dump trucks designed to spread it, often mixed with sand and gravel, on slick roads.Sodium chloride (rock salt) is normally used, as it is inexpensive and readily available in large quantities. However, since salt water still freezes at −18 °C or 0 °F, it is of no help when the temperature falls below this point. It also has a strong tendency to cause corrosion, rusting the steel used in most vehicles and the rebar in concrete bridges. More recent snowmelters use other salts, such as calcium chloride and magnesium chloride, which not only depress the freezing point of water to a much lower temperature, but also produce an exothermic reaction. They are somewhat safer forconcrete sidewalks, but excess should still be removed.
More recently, organic compounds have been developed that reduce the environmental issues connected with salts and have longer residual effects when spread on roadways, usually in conjunction with salt brines or solids. These compounds are generated as byproducts of agricultural operations such as sugar beet refining or the distillation process that produces ethanol. Additionally, mixing common rock salt with some of the organic compounds and magnesium chloride results in spreadable materials that are both effective to much colder temperatures (−30 °F/−34 °C) as well as at lower overall rates of spreading per unit area.
Since the 1990s, use of liquid chemical melters has been increasing, sprayed on roads by nozzles instead of a spinning spreader. Liquid melters are more effective at preventing the ice from bonding to the surface than melting through existing ice.
Several proprietary products incorporate anti-icing chemicals into the pavement. Verglimit incorporates calcium chloride granuals into asphalt pavement. The granuals are continually exposed by traffic wear, and release calcium chloride onto the surface. This prevents snow and ice from sticking to the pavement  Cargill SafeLane is a proprietary pavement surface treatment that absorbs anti-icing brines, to be released during a storm or other icing event. It also provides a high-friction surface, increasing traction.
In Nagano, Japan, relatively inexpensive hot water bubbles up through holes in the pavement to melt snow, though this solution is only practical within a city or town. Some individual buildings may melt snow and ice with electric heating elements buried in the pavement, or even on a roof to prevent ice dams under the shingles, or to keep massive chunks of snow and dangerous icicles from collapsing on anyone below. Small areas of pavement can be kept ice-free by circulating heated liquids in embedded piping systems.
Manual snow removal
Most snow removal by individuals is clearance of driveways and walkways. After heavy snowfalls, snow may be removed from roofs to reduce the risk of structural damage due to the weight.
In places with light snow, brooms or other light instruments can be used to brush off snow from walks and other surfaces. In regions with more precipitation, snow is commonly removed with snow shovels, a large lightweight shovel used to push snow and lift it, and snow scoops or sleigh shovels, a large and deep hopper-like implement fitted with a wide handle and designed to scoop up a load of snow and slide it on any slippery surface to another location without lifting. Other tools include snow pushers and shovels with one or more wheels.
Shovelling entails a considerable amount of physical effort and can strain the back and the heart. Each year many senior citizens and middle aged persons die from heart attacks while shovelling snow.
Snow blowers are often used by people unwilling or unable to perform this labour, people with large driveways or other substantial surfaces and people that live in areas with long lasting winters with large amounts of snowfall. Others may hire a contractor with a plow bearing truck or a shovel. After a large snowfall, businessmen with plow trucks often drive through cities offering to plow for money.
Removing ice is more difficult. Snow blowers are usually ineffective for clearing ice. Picks are sometimes used, but a solid spade can break through most ice. There is always the risk of damaging the pavement with these instruments. Icy areas can be covered with salt or some other substance, bags of which are widely available.
A recent technological advance is the snowmelt system that heats the pavement from below and melts snow and ice after a period of time. Such systems are expensive to install and operate and they are not cost effective in areas with very low winter temperatures and large snowfalls.
Some governments offer free snow clearing for the elderly and others in need. In some cities, snow clearing for elder and handicapped residents counts towards community service hours assigned as a punishment for minor offences.
In many places, laws require homeowners to clear snow from the public sidewalk in front of their house, as well as a pathway on their own property to their mailbox. Those who fail to do so, depending on the jurisdiction’s laws, may face fines and may be civilly liable for injuries suffered by another on a surface that they were required to clear. In some jurisdictions, such as New York, private home owners who shovel are held civilly liable for others’ injuries incurred by falling in areas that have been shovelled.
Cleaning off and freeing one’s vehicle is another matter. Many people who need their vehicles will do just barely what is necessary in order to drive the vehicle and remove it from its space. Failure to clear all the snow and ice off a vehicle causes hazards by restricting the driver’s visibility, and ice from the roofs of driven vehicles can cause crashes. In some jurisdictions, motorists who fail to completely clean snow off their vehicle can be fined. Others may be more thorough in this process.
In many urban residential areas with curbside parking, residents use objects to mark the spaces they dug out so they can reclaim their space upon their return.
In some countries, to ensure the winter trafficability of sidewalks belongs to duties of the owner of the contiguous land or building. Such owner can be an individual inhabitant, in case of a family house, but also the municipality, municipal district or their specific organization or a housing co-operative or some other company (especially if some office or industrial object is concerned). Owners of large buildings or building complexes generally have mechanized snow-removal equipment, but individual house owners mostly clean the sidewalk with hand tools.
For example, in Prague, a persistency of such duty is documented since 1838. The decree of the government of Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia No 1/1943 Sb. said that sidewalk cleaning in residential area in municipalities with more than 5000 inhabitants, district cities and other specified municipalities is a duty of the owner or user of the contiguous land. The municipality was empowered to undertake this duty at the expense of the contiguous land owner. The Czechoslovak Road Act No 135/1961 Sb. (§ 23) adopted such legal regulations for all municipalites, but municipality offices might modify them. The new Road Act of the Czech Republic, No 13/1997 Sb. (§ 9 art. 4) left this enactment and stated that way maintenance is an obligation of the way owner, without any exception. Despite of it, § 27 art. 4 attached to the contiguous land owner the liability for harm caused by defects of cleaning. The Czech Public Defender of Rights claimed in 2002 and 2003 annual reports the discrepancy between theoretical and practical interpretations of the act and recommended to enact an unequivocal formulation. This discrepance was repeatedly handled by courts and the Supreme Administrative Court on 2005 June 27 and the Constitutional Court on 2007 January 3-rd stated that the cleaning duty results indirectly from the stated liability for harm. Impugners of the duty argued that this duty is a residue of feudal corvée or of totalitarian nazism and communistic regimes and that nowadays, compulsory labour at extrinsic way is in conflict with Charter of Fundamental Rights and Basic Freedoms, and that systematic municipal cleaning is more effective than a cleaning by individuals. On December 6, 2007, the Senate of the Czech Republic proposed at the instance of its Constitutional Committee to let out the controversial article. The Czech Government give support to it by their narrow majority. Past heated debate, the Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic sanctioned this change by 116:31 ratio from 190 presenting members. Since 2009 April 16-th, the change made by the act No 97/2009 Sb. is forcing and sidewalk cleaning is an obligation of the sidewalk owner only, i. e. generally the municipality. In despite of duty abolition, many people including oppugnants of the duty declared that they will to continue the winter cleaning of municipal sidewalks, but voluntarily and on their own behalf.
As was mentioned during the discussion at the Czech Parliament by the statement of the Czech Association of Cities and Municipalities, similar duty remains in many other modern countries, e. g. Austria, Franceand some cities of Bavaria and USA.
Clearing a residential driveway in Incline Village, Nevada
Hiring a contractor with a winter service vehicle or a shovel.
In many high elevation or heavy snow accumulating areas, companies with snow removal equipment offer to provide services to remove the snow. Contractors may work on a per-time basis, full season contract, or will-call status. Per-time service (or per-push) is usually invoiced monthly and customers will be charged for each time services are provided. Some companies will charge per-time and per-inch where the depth of the snow is even taken into account. A full season contract is quoted and paid upfront at the start of the season and services will be provided automatically according to the contracted terms. All companies have different terms so make sure to understand the agreement. For example, some full season contracts will expire after X amount of trips where others are unlimited. And finally, will-call service is where the client makes contact with the snow removal company to initiate a single clearing. This is not an automatic service and charges are usually higher for will-call jobs.
Snow removal services may include driveway and parking area snow removal, walkway and deck handwork, and occasionally roof clearing. Contractors use hand shovels, walk behind snowblowers (or snow throwers), truck plows, skid-steers, light-weight tractors, and heavy front-end loaders. Many times, these machines will require use of tire chains to perform their tasks. Snow may be pushed by plowing methods or blown to an area of the property by snowblowers. Contracts may apply sand or salt in some locations to help melt ice accumulations.
Many snow removal contractors will require installation of snow poles or snow staking along the driveway. This is to keep equipment out of the landscaping and to help identify the perimeter of an area.
Contractors should be licensed and insured.
Snow in Helsinki being loaded on truck for transportation to a snow dump site
Cities clear snow on a much larger scale than individuals. Most cities in areas that get regular snow maintain a fleet of snow clearing vehicles. The first to be dispatched are gritters who do some plowing but also salt the road. The salt, via freezing point depression, helps melt the snow and ice and also gives vehicles more traction. Later, generally once the snow has ceased falling, snow plows, front end loaders with snowplow attachments and graders cover every street pushing snow to the side of the road. Salt trucks often then return to deal with any remaining ice and snow. The trucks generally travel much faster than the plows, averaging between 30 and 40 kilometers per hour. Most cities thus have at least twice as many plows as trucks. Smaller narrow body plows, with Caterpillar tracks or huge snow tires salt and clear sidewalks in some cities, but in many others with less snow fall and/or less pedestrian traffic individuals are tasked with clearing the sidewalk in front of their homes. Ecologicalmovements often oppose this use of salt because of the damage it does when it eventually washes off the roads and spreads to the environment in general.
In cities where snow steadily accumulates over the winter it is also necessary to remove the piles of snow that build up on the side of the roads known as windrows or snowbanks. There are a number of methods of doing this. Pulling snow is done when temperatures rise high enough for traffic to melt snow. The windrows are then broken up and spread over the road. Casting is the moving of snow by means of a shovel or plow to nearby public lands. On boulevards or highways winging back is done, which consists of pushing the snow banks further from the road. The most expensive option, but necessary when there are no nearby places to dump the snow, is to haul it away. This is most often done by large self propelled snowblowers that gather the piles of snow at the side of the road and load it into dump trucks. The snow is then dumped on the outskirts of town, or in a nearby lake, river or harbor. (Some jurisdictions have banned dumping snow into local bodies of water for environmental reasons – modern roads can be contaminated with melting salt, motor oil, and other substances.) Snow melting machines may be cheaper than moving snow, depending on the cost of fuel and the ambient temperature.
The windrows created by the plows in residential areas often block driveways and imprison parked cars. The snow pushed there by any plow is a dense, packed version of “normal” fallen snow. When the temperatures are significantly below freezing this packed snow takes some of the characteristics of solid ice. Its removal is nearly impossible without mechanical means.
A street plow in Quebec City, Canada
The largest roads and highways are the first to be cleared; roads with steep hills or other dangers are also often a priority. Streets used by buses and othermass transit are also often given higher priorities. It often takes many hours, or even days, to cover every street in a city. In some places, a snow emergencywill be declared, where automobile owners are instructed to remove their vehicles from the street (or one side of a street). If cars are in the way when the plows come around, they may be hauled away by tow trucks. Some communities have standing snow emergency rules in winter, where vehicles are not allowed to be parked on streets overnight, no matter if it snows or not. After smaller snow storms only main roads are cleared while residential ones are left to be melted by the passing traffic. Decisions on immediate removal versus “natural melting” can be hard to make because the inconvenience to citizens and the economy in general must be weighed against the immediate effect on the snow removal budget at that particular moment in the season.
In large cities with heavy snowfalls like Montreal and Ottawa, the snow clearing expense for each season is an important part of the seasonal public works budget and each snow storm provokes a major logistical operation involving thousands of employees working in shifts 24 hours a day. The effort can vary greatly depending on the amount of snow. Montreal gets about 225 cm of snow each winter and spends more than $128 million Canadian each year to remove it. Toronto, with about 50 per cent more population and 28 per cent more road surface, gets only 125 cm of snow a year and spends about half that. The higher cost in Montreal is due to the need to perform “snow removal” as opposed to simple “snow clearing” necessitated by both the high snowfall amounts and fewer melting days.
In Helsinki, Finland amount of snow transported from streets and properties to snow dump sites during the winter of 2009–2010 was 210,000 truckloads, equaling over 3 million cubic meters.
Snow removal impacts the design of city infrastructure. Where possible, street boulevards are wider to accommodate the windrows and sidewalks are not right next to the street. Fire hydrants will have tall flags to locate them under the windrows. Reflective traffic lane markers embedded in the roadbed is not possible (or much harder) due to risk of damage by plows. Access to snow dumping locations (e.g. ravines) by heavy equipment is also planned.
It is estimated that Canada spends $1 billion on snow removal. The employees who do this work are generally the same workers who do road maintenance work during the summer months, but in some US cities garbage trucks are also equipped with plows and used for snow removal. Many smaller US communities sign contracts with insurance companies, under which the insurance company assumes the risk of a heavy winter. The insurance company of course sets the rates such that averaged over time they will make a profit; the town is willing to overpay for snow removal in mild winters so as to avoid the risk of running dramatically over budget in the occasional severe winter.
Large organizations such as universities and airports also often have their own mechanized snow clearing force. Public transit systems generally clear bus stops while post offices clear around mail boxes.Railroads have their own snow clearing devices such as rotary snowplows.
The surface is treated primarily by snow removal. Roads are also treated by spreading various materials on the surface. These materials generally fall into two categories: chemical and inert. Chemical (including salt) distribution induces freezing-point depression, causing ice and snow to melt at a lower temperature. Chemical treatment can be applied as a preventive measure and/or after snowfall. Inert materials (i.e. sand, brash, slag) make the surface irregular to improve traction. Both types can be applied together, but the inert materials tend to lower traction once the snow and ice has melted.
Chemical treatment materials include:
In the European Union, ca 98% of chemical treatment materials used in 2000 were sodium chloride in various forms. It is effective down to −5 °C, at the most −7 °C. For colder temperatures, calcium chloride(CaCl2) is added to NaCl in some countries, but deployment is limited as it costs about 6 times as much as sodium chloride. Other substances were used rarely and experimentally. Alternative substances (urea, alcohols, glycols) are often used at airports. In recent years, Geomelt, a combination of salt brine and beet juice that is otherwise considered a waste product has been used for pretreatment.
Inert spreadings can be:
The choice of treatment may include consideration of the effect on vegetation, pets and other animals, the local watershed, and effectiveness with regard to speed and temperature. Some chemicals can degradeconcrete, metals, and other materials. The resulting meltwater and slush can cause frost heaving if it re-freezes, which can also damage pavement. Inert materials can damage vehicles and create dust.
As an example, in the Czech Republic during the winter season of 2000/2001, net material expenditure for road treatment was: 168 000 tonnes of salt (mostly NaCl), 348 000 tonnes of sand and crushed stone and 91 000 tonnes of other materials like slag. In Ireland, the annual expenditure of salt was 30 000 tonnes. Switzerland reports their annual expenditure as 600 grammes of salt to every square metre of roads on average.
Nothing too exciting on this one. Other than I crammed a six-hour job into four. What a great day to do a tree job. In the high 30’s, crystal blue sky and the sun just beaming. Might sound normal to you but we can go weeks without seeing the sun up here in Northern Washington.
20 years ago someone thought it would be nice to plant two cottonwoods in their backyard. In that short time the whole backyard in choked with roots. The entire backyard must be ground out with a stump grinder to get rid of the main roots. You’ll never get rid of the tree. Once planted it will send shoots up. You just keep mowing them off.
Although these two trees were small for cottonwoods there was the fence, house and shed that all could have been damaged. Never know exactly how the job is going to go until you are in the tree. Was able to pull over three of the bigger pieces that sped the job up. Just had to get them on the ground, no clean up. My favorite. I started a chipping job for another tree guy last Friday that doesn’t have a chipper and spent six hours of hard work. Ground work is brutal.
Had to lower most of the branches to keep from breaking things. It all went good. See up the next tree.
Custer School Road is loaded with trees. Last week I wrote about a Maple with a split three feet down the center. While I was doing the job the neighbor stopped by and said he had some trees he needed down.
I’m just going to write about one of them. You know you’re a professional tree service when the last “company” that came to look at the job said it was too dangerous to fall. It was dangerous, $300 worth of dangerous to get it on the ground but doable. And about an hour of prayer and planning.
There were several factors making this an extremely dangerous tree to fall. The truck was 20 feet around. The height of this bad boy was over 80’. Tallest Maple I have ever seen. The trunk separated at 25 feet into two main spurs going up. Each spur was 40 inches in diameter. Like last week’s little Maple the tree was split and rotting out where the two spurs started. One of the spurs had grown straight out parallel to the ground. I had hired Precision Crane to do another part of the job. Jeff looked at the Maple and thought that the spur running level to the ground was pushing 20,000 pounds. The weight put massive pressure on the trunk of the tree.
On one side of the base of the tree it was dead and starting to rot. The spur that went straight up had the potential of schwaking, my word, a barn. Although the barn was about to collapse, I didn’t find out until the job was over that the owner didn’t care if the tree hit it. Don’t think it would have changed the process, but would have taken some stress off.
Here’s the problem. Because the two trees were going to separate once lose, control was a major concern. I cut a path through blackberries and other shrubs on both sides of the trees for the escape. Practiced running through each path to see if I tripped on anything. I have a couple hundred feet of one inch pull rope. Use it to create lean on the bigger trees. For this application I wrapped it around the tree eight times at somewhere around 12 feet. Jeff with Precision Crane said he thought that he could lift them together with that many binds. I didn’t want them coming apart. I was concerned that if they did the back part, basically there’s two trees that have grown together right from the ground, had the potential to go hard and fast in any direction. That’s not a good feeling when you’re felling trees. With the one inch rope keeping the trees together I was planning on a forward moving fall to the ground for both pieces.
There were many factors that could cause a loss of control of this Maple. If I made the face cut too deep, because of the force being exerted from the 20,000 pound branch, the front tree could go before I even made the back cut, leaving the back piece lose and unpredictable.
I decided to make the face cut shallow. The rule is about a third of the truck for the face cut. I went in about a foot. Deep enough to give the tree room to turn over on the hinge wood.
The tree was way bigger than the bar of my Husky 385. I used my smaller Husky 359 and cut 24 inches from the face cut back through the tree. This would keep both trees with plenty of meat to hold them up and allow for the length of the bar on the 385 to be completely through the tree. Always fill gas and bar oil before starting the drop and get both saws idling. Also keep two or three wedges handy.
Here we go. The first cut from front to back went as planned. Grabbed the bigger Husky 385 and started through the back. Once in the tree with the chain I moved back a few feet and look to see if I am at an acceptable level above the level part of the face cut. On a tree this size you can be five to ten inches above but anything above is good. I was above so I got back into position and started eating through the tree. I take small bites then get the bar back to square to target. At about half way through the tree it made a load crack. The side I was on was rotted out a little bit and I thought there was a possibility that the pressure of the back tree would could cause the whole tree to snap hard toward the side I was on. I repositioned back as far as I could and continued cutting. No hesitation at this point. Full throttle and going for it. Bam, the trees are loose. As the front one started falling the rope grabbed and held the back and front together. Both came smashing to the ground slamming off a bunch of branches from an Alder in the kill zone. I let out a big yippie ki yay I yaa and felt the adrenaline pumping.
Some trees really get you thinking about mortality. You kiss your family and look at’em a little closer on those mornings. I love doing tree work. See you up the next tree!
Huge Maple ready for lunch.
Eric called and said that his neighbor had a company come out and look at a few trees and while they were there he asked them to take a look at a tree he wanted taken down. The company told him he needed to call another company that has a bucket truck.
Eric’s wife must have talked with a girlfriend and the girl friend had used me before and said they should see what I think. So they gave me a call.
One of the most important aspects of tree work is being able to assess the risk of the situation. During a wind storm the Maple tree had split two feet down the center, right where the spurs go in different directions. There was four or five main spurs growing out of the trunk. This was at about 20′.
The spurs were 40′ or so, and if the one toward the house broke off it could do a little damage to the house. I quoted Eric $150 and he happily gave the go ahead.
I climbed and anchored in right above the split, on a spur that was the least affected by the problem. I used a 20′ foot chain and wrapped it around the problem area of the tree. I also attached my lowering rope with several wraps around the split area.
A lot of times, if not most of the time, things go different once you are in the tree. I had thought that I would anchor off the back spur but it wasn’t very high and didn’t give me the leverage I wanted to climb up the spur to be removed. There was another spur going straight up and looked like it was not part of the problem area. You try to guess about what will happen if things go bad. In this case the branch that I was climbing was the most likely to split off the trunk with the extra weight from climbing on it.
I decided to go as high as possible in the straight spur and set my repelling rope. That way if the branch I was climbing broke out from under me I would swing over. It would be a slam but better than a drop on the branch I needed to climb.
The challenge with this application is that I can not be tied-in to the problem branch. If my flipline is on and that branch gives way the pressure caused on my clip will keep me from undoing it, and besides the fall is going to happen so fast that I’ll be on the ground before I know what’s happening. So this means I have to free climb the branch. This branch went up 40′. It was at a gradual angle which made it tougher to deal with. I fired up the chainsaw and took off a few branches and kept climbing higher. I needed to get high enough that when the top piece came off it didn’t slam the house. The branch was in the six-inch range when I got high enough to go for it. Still not a simple drop at this point. The angle of the spur kept the majority of my weight from pushing hard on the split area. If I went any higher it would really start to put leverage on the split. The challenges were a shed that was in reach and the house which was still in reach. There was a good gap between the shed and the house but the branch couldn’t go off target much.
Final challenge. Because I was free climbing up the branch I didn’t have my flipline to set my balance to let go with my hands and make the cut. I had to have my hands free. I have a short rope on my saddle for a variety of uses. I put it around the branch and made a slip knot, hoping that if the branch broke out I could pull the tail and pop the line causing me to swing over to the branch I was repelling off of. At the point I needed to cut the spur it divided into two branches. I made the face cut in the bottom one and finished with the back cut. Down to ground it went. The second branch came off the same way. From that point I went all the way to the start of the spur, switched to a bigger saw and finished the job.
Eric was glad to see me safely down the tree and expressed his appreciation with an extra $50 for the effort. His wife even made me an awesome tuna sandwich with chips and a big bag of chocolate fudge.
DigLynden Tree Service 360-318-9795 The responsibilities of a tree service professional
See the rope pulling the trees, this is for safety and works great.
in Bellingham WA and Whatcom County are very detailed. I have decided to go further into the technical aspect of successful tree work.
Starting with duties on page two of the application:
The first duty being asked about is the rope and saddle. I use the Buckingham Economy Saddle. On the right side of the saddle I have a Petzl Macrograbber for flipline adjusting. It is secured to the Buckingham saddle with a 5/8ths galvanized shackle.
Also on the right side of the Buckingham saddle I have a three foot lanyard with an autolocking steel clip hard spliced into the end to secure the chainsaw.
for the repelling rope.
I am constantly on the look-out for frayed or damaged spots on the repelling rope. I prefer a thicker repelling rope. The ½ Arbor-Plex works well.
The lowering rope I use is determined by the application. Most of the work I do is close quarters and requires lowering of branches and rounds. The lowering ropes vary in length from 150’ to 300’.
On the left side of the Buckingham there is a small clip. I carry a Fanno 22” Hand saw. This is used for pruning small branches as I ascend and also as a catch device on situations where I need that extra reach to grab the flipline whipped around the tree.
Other devices on the Buckingham include:
Standard figure 8 for repelling and potential maneuvers while in the tree.
I like to carry a 10’ rope flipline with a Prusik hitch. This allows for extra stabilizing before making cuts. It also allows for quick attachment as I ascend through branches, keeping me tied in at all times.
On the left side small ring I have attached a small line that has a wedge secured on it.
The next duty asked to describe on the application is the lift truck operation.
I have owned a 1963 55’ Ford High Ranger for four years. First I check all fluids. Brake, oil, transmission, and radiator. As well as the hydraulic tank reservoir. Then I start the engine and do a visual inspection of the engine. I do a visual inspection on the tires and check all the lights for proper working order.
Then I engage the main hydraulic level in the cab and begin to inspect for any broken or damaged hydraulic lines. I lower the outriggers to insure smooth operation. I operate the boom from a manual position on the deck, and then climb into the bucket to test the working order of the bucket hydraulic controls.
I follow all guidelines outlined in the American National Standards manual for Arboricultural Operation/ ANSI Z133.1 Section Aerial Devices. Briefly explained:
I am aware of:
Load capacities of the boom, I set wheel chocks if the wheels are on the ground after lowering the outriggers, I constantly scan in the direction I am travelling, I set up for proper traffic clearances, I maintain proper distance for electrical lines, lift branches off lines with pull ropes before cutting, insure area below before releasing branches to the ground, and constantly monitor for any potential danger.
I operated at this level with the High Ranger for two years. 90% of the tree removals that I do I have to climb. I decided that for me and my business the cost of maintaining the truck was not necessary. I use the bucket truck on my personal property but do not currently use it for my tree service.
Operation of brush chippers:
I have thousands of hours of brush chipping experience. The key to efficient chipping is proper staging of the branches. Cedars are the most difficult. On branches that have multiple smaller branches coming off of the main branch I trim them off. It’s easier not to fight the branches when stacking and then feeding into the chipper.
The staging of the branches depends on the job site. Most of the time the branches are placed curb-side and fed into the chipper while standing toward the curb-side of the infeed hopper.
I use a Husqvarna Pro Forest Helmet System, and always where full length chainsaw safety chaps and a pair of gloves. I keep a smaller saw, an echo cs-370, next to me under the tray to work with any difficult feeding branches.
We operate a Vermeer BC 1000XL . With 12″ capacity we get a lot of chipping done fast.
Before towing and operating the chipper I inspect all fluids, check all belts for excess ware, tires, towing lights, I inspect the chute for debris, and make sure there is no small pieces of wood that could cause the drum to bind as I engage the drum belt. The chipper safety chains are crossed under the tongue of the chipper and secured to the towing vehicle.
I think this is very similar if not the same model that I see at the green yard at Woburn and Lakeway. This is a very safe machine to use. It has a gear feeding system that pulls the branch into the drum and cutting knives at a rate of speed not to chock the machine. The safety bar on the top of the infeed hopper allows you to stop the feed gear, and almost instantly put the gears into reverse to help with difficult branches. You can adjust the feed gears speed and at full speed this little chipper can eat a lot of material fast and safe.
There are two types of chipper feeding. One is where the branches are stacked at a reach so that the operator can turn around in place, grab the branch and place the butt end into the feeder. If staged properly the operator should be able to stay fairly planted while grabbing and feeding this type of staged material. He should be working curb-side when doing street work. Full safety gear as described above is required by anyone near the operation of the brush chipper.
The second type of chipping is when the debris has to be carried to the chipper as the machine is running. Because the feed gear system in modern chippers is slower, it is my opinion to have a dedicated ground crew person responsible to feed the chipper. This frees the crew to return quickly and retrieve the next branch, while the brush chipper operator can deal with difficult branches. By switching positions throughout the day, the crew can be placed in less strenuous activities.
Understanding how to clear a clogged chute is important. It’s easy and depending on the exact brush chipper the city uses will be learned quickly.
As the chip truck fills the brush chipper chute can be adjusted easily to fill the chip truck evenly.
The next duty asked about is spur climbing.
Large tops are often pulled over with a rope to insure safety away from dwellings. Look close and you can see the rope on the 100′ white fir.
Before I leave my shop it’s important to inspect the spurs. I make sure all the nuts and bolts are tight on the spurs and that straps are not starting to tear. I feel the tips to see if they need sharpened. I have an extra set of straps incase one breaks while in the tree.
The most important aspect of spur climbing is to never be un-tied from the tree. This requires a second flip-line, and a sometimes the use of the repelling rope. Dismantling the tree and removal of branches is easier if you can get your repelling rope high above all the work. Once tension is placed on the repelling line, I can move out onto smaller branches. I use a second flipline, around 10’ with a self locking clip and a prusik knot to make fine adjustments to secure my position before cutting.
When climbing slippery trees, birches and alders, poplars, trees with smooth bark, I like to leave a branch stub about every 20 feet. I have had booth spurs kick out and gone into a free slide. By going limp the flipline catches and stops you but I like the feeling of those extra stops. It’s only happened once over 10’ in seven years.
If I am limbing a tree prior to falling it, I like to keep my main flipline secured around the tree as I descend with the repelling rope. I can get down quick enough by keeping the flipline loose and I like that extra safety precaution against a rope failure.
One aspect of spur climbing is traversing between trees while aloft. This saves a tremendous amount of time and energy. I use a couple different methods to get over to the other tree. It really depends on branch structure how I do it.
One way is to go up on the tree that I am on, set and tie into my repelling line, go back down the tree enough to where I can pull myself to the other tree and have proper angles to complete the maneuver. I find a two foot piece of wood and secure to my lowering rope. I look for an open but tight crotch to throw the piece of wood through. Once the anchor wood is secured, I lower down a few more feet to help hold the anchor in place. Then I pull hand over hand into the adjacent tree. If possible I like to leave my flipline on the tree I am vacating, until I am planted in the new tree.
Another method is to plant the repelling line high, go down, and pull myself over using the branches of the other tree. This works good too.
The final technique I will discuss in spur climbing is going up small tops. On poplars you might have to go 30’ up a six inch branch. There is always a caution that the tree may break out from under you. To allow for this possibility I like to secure my repelling rope 20’ below where I plan on cutting the top. This would be a jolt if the tree broke out above that tie-in but I may be 150’ high, and 20’ doesn’t sound so bad.
Felling, limbing and bucking is the duty asked about next. People have written books on these subjects. I have the experience to safely get trees to the ground, but I am not above learning better techniques. One of my main study books is G.F. Beraneks The Fundamentals of General Tree Work. Although I have had the book for seven years I still re-read sections to see if I can pick something up that would improve safety and or speed on operation.
Felling trees is all about physics. Where ever the weight is over equilibrium the tree is going to fall. A lot of felling applications are very difficult to read. Branch weight to one side, wind at the top verses at ground level, topology, all will have influence on the direction of the fall. Because I work mainly in residential environments I prefer to pull most trees. By climbing near the top and creating as close to a 45 degree angle as you can get with your pull rope, and then pulling the tree with a come-a-long, the % of error is reduced to an acceptable level. As I am climbing to set the pull rope, I will lower any heavy branches that may cause conflict in the intended direction of the fall. A little extra time but much safer and accurate.
Even when pulling the tree over with bull rope, as soon as the back cut is deep enough I will place my first wedge and hammer it in with a small sledge hammer. This helps to get the tree moving in the desired direction, prevents set back if the rope becomes slack, and helps to keep the chain for binding.
The are many techniques for felling trees. The basic is a face cut, no more than a third way through the tree. When cutting for money I use a humbolt cut, but they take a little more time to do and are not necessary for fire wood applications, so I’ll use a conventional face cut on most. As your finishing the depth of the face cut you want to check the gun. There is a small raised mark on chainsaws that allow you to aim the face cut to the desired fall line. With that mark lined up and a straight back cut the tree will grab hold of the hinge wood and cause the tree to follow the desired fall line. There are so many factors involved, and each tree is different.
Proper limbing techniques are important to know for both safety reasons and from keeping the saw from getting pinched. You can lead the branch in the direction you desire by following the same procedure as felling a tree. If you need the branch to drop parallel to the ground you place a cut under the branch and then at full speed place the saw above that cut and go hard. The branch will snap and float down. One way to get the branch to land at the base of the tree is to cut from the top and let the branch break swing down but still be attached. Then make removing cut to send it right next to the tree.
When limbing on the ground you want to be aware of the branch and if there is any tension that would cause it to pop and sling back when you cut it off. I like to start at the top before cutting the main pieces to the ground. I’ll go about 10, good size for the chipper and start cutting the limbs off from there. Working my way every 10’ till all the branches are off the top.
Bucking large wood is easy if you use a wedge. A peavey or cant hook is used to turn larger logs over. I cut down as far as possible before rolling. Work on the upside of the log. When dropping the last 20’ I like to put small long branches in front of the stump coming off. This keeps it off the ground and makes cutting the larger diameter trunks easier. I do the same as I drop major branches onto the ground if possible. Use the dogs to dig into the tree. It’s safer than having the chain operation by your feet and cuts into the wood faster.
Outstanding customer service. The first corporate job I did was selling copiers for Ikon Office Solutions. I did this type of work for about 10 years. It was all customer service. I was telling a friend last night that I am the type of guy that anyone, friend or stranger could call 24/7 and I would come and help. That’s been my attitude in my personal life and in my different careers. I have a talent to diffuse people that are upset. I’ve always had it. I speak calmly, try to find common ground to agree and then explain what is happening and work on creating a win win for all involved. Most importantly, if I am wrong I will tell you.
I subscribe to Arborage, it’s a monthly magazine about the tree industry. It talks about the latest equipment and some tree care issues. I use my Western Garden book if there is a particular fruit tree that I need better understanding of how to prune. I do still look over The Fundamentals of General Tree Work. Now with the advent of Youtube, I invest time looking at other peoples techniques to see what I may learn. Learning for me never stops.
This was a hard leaner with a lot of top. The home owner had taken down seven or eight 60 to 80 footers but this one was serious. It had two major branches over the pole building and although the base was 10′ from the building, by the time you got to 30′ it was even with it. The good news was at about 40′ it straightened out. To get the leverage I had to go to within 15 feet of the tip top. Put a rope and used a come-long to improve the directional odds to 99%. That’s the goal before I pull the trigger. The video is not very good but you can see what’s going on and the music is kind of funny.
A couple times a year we get a call to help a kitty out of a tree in Bellingham. It’s funny to
I thought I saw a puddy cat.
watch. I have to tell kitty owners not to watch, and that if they fall out of the tree and die, sorry.
I go up with a small animal carrier strapped to my belt. Long sleeves, and gloves.
Once I get close enough to grab the cat, I don’t mess around. Pretty much grab the cat behind the head, on the scruff of the neck and put a death grip on it. That means if he fights his way loose, he dies. Never happened yet, thank goodness.
Once in the grip of life, the cat gets stuffed very quickly into the carrier. You can see why I suggest the owner doesn’t watch. I have cats and can understand they are great buddies to people.
I charge between $100 and $175 to get cats out of trees. It’s fun and I enjoy seeing how happy the cats friend is to get him safely back on the ground.
There’s many businesses in Bellingham WA to get supplies to help you with your tree maintenance. Some better than others.
There are small, medium and large companies in Bellingham that can help you with your tree maintenance supplies and equipment. To have a store front and not have a on-line sales effort seems old fashioned to me.
A great place to buy professional rope and climbing gear is Wesspur. The pricing is good. I use the arborplex1/2 climbing rope. At 150′ it’s about $100. I like a thick climbing line. Feels solid in your hands. It doesn’t have a tendency to slip through the carabiners and cause quick drops while repelling. I replace my repelling line at any sign of fraying. Lot of times it can still be used as a pull rope or lowering rope. Wesspur also has a great selection
Great pruning saw at Wesspur in Bellingham Iron Gate area
of pruning saws. I have bought all sorts of hand saws from Wesspur.
They carry top name brands for all the different types of products they sell. The staff know the business and can give recommendations on what you are trying to accomplish.
Wesspur in located in the Iron Gate business complex area.
For chains, wedges, chain saws, files, plugs and most of the supplies I need for maintaining my saws, I have been using Bailey’s On-line. They supplies are the best priced I have found. Their knowledgeable and friendly. I bought a Husky385 for $400 less than they wanted for at Lynden Mowers’ retail store in Lynden. I did buy several saws from Lynden Mower. The owner passed my companies name on a few times and I got some business. It’s a good place to shop and have your mowers repaired and serviced. I went the way of Husky, but I have shopped at Carls’ in Ferndale, and General Chain Saw in Bellingham as well. I really haven’t had good experience at any repair shop.
I was blessed to meet a small engine mechanic that works on my equipment for $25 per hour. Try some of the smaller independent mower shops you see around the county. The high profile $80.00 per hour with a one hour minimum is too spendy for me. Especially when it’s a 10 minute fix. Your paying for the rent. You should be able to find a good mechanic for $40.00 or less per hour.
You probably all know this but in case it hasn’t become the norm for you yet. Almost anything you need to know how to do has been made into a video and put on Youtube. For example you want to learn how to properly prune apple trees. You can ask how to do almost anything imaginable. Think of youtube as a video dictionary.
Did an estimate today for a long time Bellingham Realtor. Nice guy. He has two nice size Cedars. One Cedar tree is pushing 100′ and the other tree is 80′. Also wants two small firs, a scraggly maple, and a 30′ Pine. I am the third tree company he has had come out. The main selling point of the competition is, “we can get this done in one day.” So what! He could have it done in one day for $7,500 or three days for $2,500. He was telling me about this same company that quoted $7,500 did some work across the street. Three elderly customers. Did about six trees and charged around $8,000. Was there for a day. The hype is that it can be done in one day. That’s great! Seems like an expensive way to make sure it is all done in one day.
All that really matters is the company legitimate. I can barely see a business wanting to pay two or three times to get in done in one day. If it is costing business for sure, but if not.
A 100′ tree should be around $1000 to take down and clean up. The busier a company is the more they charge. It doesn’t matter if they loose a few of the estimates because they are so high priced. They try, and often do, convince the customer that they are worth the extra two to three times in pay. They’re not! Your three estimates should be within 20% of each other. If someone is extremely low, I would make sure they are licensed and insured. If not and they get hurt, they can sue you. And if they damage anything you are responsible. Some insurance companies won’t pay on claims unless the contractor is licensed and insured.
DigLynden is not the cheapest, nor are we asking for the Kings wages. It is dangerous work and the risk to property affects the price, but we are fair.
We have done hundreds of jobs over the seven years we have been in business. No injuries, no insurance claims and lots of references. Thank you for giving DigLyden an opportunity to earn your tree service business.
Call 360-318-9795 and we’ll go out on a limb for you.
This is a great article from the US Dept of Agricutlure that you can
use on maintaining your trees in Bellingham. This website has loads
of information about tree care.
Pruning cuts should be made so that only branch tissue is removed and stem tissue is not damaged. At the point where the branch attaches to the stem, branch and stem tissues remain separate, but are contiguous. If only branch tissues are cut when pruning, the stem tissues of the tree will probably not become decayed, and the wound will seal more effectively.
To find the proper place to cut a branch, look for the branch collar that grows from the stem tissue at the underside of the base of the branch (Fig. 6A). On the upper surface, there is usually a branch bark ridge that runs (more or less) parallel to the branch angle, along the stem of the tree. A proper pruning cut does not damage either the branch bark ridge or the branch collar.
The quality of pruning cuts can be evaluated by examining pruning wounds after one growing season. A concentric ring of woundwood will form from proper pruning cuts (Fig. 6B). Flush cuts made inside the branch bark ridge or branch collar, result in pronounced development of woundwood on the sides of the pruning wounds with very little woundwood forming on the top or bottom (Fig. 7D). As described above, stub cuts result in the death of the remaining branch and woundwood forms around the base from stem tissues.
When pruning small branches with hand pruners, make sure the tools are sharp enough to cut the branches cleanly without tearing. Branches large enough to require saws should be supported with one hand while the cuts are made. If the branch is too large to support, make a three-step pruning cut to prevent bark ripping (Fig. 6C).
Prune dead branches in much the same way as live branches. Making the correct cut is usually easy because the branch collar and the branch bark ridge can be distinguished from the dead branch because they continue to grow (Fig. 6A). Make the pruning cut just outside of the ring of woundwood tissue that has formed, being careful not to cause unnecessary injury (Fig. 6C). Large dead branches should be supported with one hand or cut with the three-step method, just as live branches. Cutting large living branches with the three step method is more critical because of the greater likelihood of bark ripping.
3. Drop Crotch Cuts
(Fig. 6D) A proper cut begins just above the branch bark ridge and extends through the stem parallel to the branch bark ridge. Usually, the stem being removed is too large to be supported with one hand, so the three cut method should be used.
One of our competitors needed some help with a recent tree service job in Bellingham.
I was working on a fir in Bellingham at Cedar Grove mobile home park up off Yew and Samish. They have given me a lot of tree work out there. This particular fir was really skinny. A real bean pole. This is a lesson on going up a few more feet.
As a tree climber you are always trying to max the cut to get out of the tree as soon as possible. Sometimes you can drop some huge pieces and other times you have to keep going till you are ten feet away from the top.
Well this was such a tiny little thing, only around 60′ that I set my cut at around 25 feet from the top. There was a mobile home so I had to catch the top and lower it. When I cut her loose she came down and pulled the tree at least three feet. That baby was cocked and ready. It sprang back so hard it through me completely out of the tree. The flip line kept me from going very far. But what a ride.
Just another 10′ feet up and that problem wouldn’t have happened. You try to anticipate these things but it’s not a perfect world in the tree. Always better to go a little higher and take a little smaller piece when you are having to catch the top.
Another safety precaution is to always carry a wedge with you. I have one tied to my belt with a small line. This way when the top leaves and the wedge goes flying, it just swings down on your belt. The wedge comes in handy again when you get to the larger rounds. It keeps the bar from pinching and makes the heavy pieces easier to push off.
After seven years and hundreds of jobs I am blessed to say no serious injuries, no hospital, and no insurance claims. It doesn’t matter how many years experience a person has at tree work, we all have stories about close calls. I know of broken bones, cracked heads and men who gave their lives in providing tree service. I pray for every one of my competitors safety everyday! There’s a lot of great guys out there with good families. My hat goes off to all the tree climbers.
If you need an expert for your job, consider giving DigLynden a call. 360-318-9795.
We appreciate your business!
The property at 921 21st needs some tlc but all in all is a fine-looking property. Having rentals myself and knowing the importance of attracting quality tenants, your desire to pretty up the property is appreciated.
Because the trimming is so subjective the only way fair for both of us is for me to bid an estimate of cost and projection of work to be completed.
DigLynden Tree Service will have 3 people on site. We will invest three six hour days. We will be starting at 10am and ending at 4pm. Clean up will occur as we complete each location on the property.
I believe with an investment of $1500.00, plus tax, we will exceed the minimum trimming goal that your owner would desire for that amount of money. After each day, you can determine if we are on a pace that satisfies your requirement for completion. If after three days we have heard no complaints of work completed DigLynden will expect full payment of the $1500.00 in a timely manner.
Since more time could probably be devoted to this project, this is the only fair way I can think of to estimate the work you requested.
Tim BentoDigLynden Tree Service360-318-9795
Recently I removed seven 130′ Poplar trees on Alabama Hill in Bellingham. They were right on the fence bordering two properties. There were two left. After limbing up 80′ I came to the subject of this particular blog.
As I write about dangerous trees that I have worked in, there will be accounts that did not result in anything life threatening. In the seven years I have been in business there has only been two or three instances that went bad. There has been hundreds that could have gone bad if I didn’t take extra time in properly reading and setting the drop of the branch , top or tree piece.
So I am making my way up this poplar in Bellingham, and at 80′ there’s a rotten hollowed out stretch of tree for the next 10′. I could wrap it but I have seen these dead spots crumble and don’t like the idea of climbing over and above them. Part of the problem is when you get this high in the tree there’s always some wind. Especially trying to get these down in late October. Some days working with these poplars the wind was 30 mph. So, what to do.
The last clump on the job was 10′ next to me. I had two ropes with me. A lowering rope, to lower branches slowly and safely to the ground, and a repelling rope; used to quickly descend out of the tree. My idea, every situation is different and you come up with ideas on the fly, was to have my repelling rope through the biggest crotch in the neighboring tree. Then as I climb up over the dead spot, if the tree broke out from under me, I wouldn’t fall to the ground. I would, however, fly through the sky and slam into the other tree, but that was the better of the choices. This meant that I had to repel out of the tree with the problem, climb and start dismantling the other poplar, and then climb back up the problem tree. I hate having do to that extra work, but it had to be done to do this job safely.
Slowly making my way up to the height of the problem in the other tree, I am cutting off branches and getting them safely to the ground. Poplars are a bear. The customer is a friend from church. We both have another friend that is a tree climber as well. Dan had taken down a pine in Rogers backyard and was asked what he would charge to take the poplars down. Poplars are very difficult to deal with and the debris creates mountains of branches. You know a job is tough when a 30 year tree climbing veteran passes it on. He told Roger to call me and see if I would do it. That was a compliment in my book. Once I got the top out, I took my repelling rope and through it over a branch I had left on the problem tree. Did the same with my lowering rope. With the lowering rope, I gave myself enough line to climb past the dead spot in the tree and secure it for dropping. It was late and started to rain, so the finish would come the next day.
Got to the job with the morning being very crisp. Even at the dead spot there was a lot of tree left. Once I reached the problem, we tightened the repelling rope, loosing it as I ascended up the tree, but with enough tension that if the tree broke out I would swing into the other tree. That wouldn’t be fun, but beats the alternative. I had to climb another 10′ past the dead part and even that was a big piece to drop. The goal was to drop the top and have the other tree “catch it”. I looked at the top of the catch tree and it seem a bit small to be able to catch this top and not break out itself. The rule of thumb for me when deciding on the final cut, is 99%. I tell myself God gets the 1% to do His will if it’s not mine. I like to feel 99% before I cut and that piece comes off. A lot of times you try to anticipate what would happen if what you think might happen happens. I don’t know where to put the commas in that sentence. The neighbors back yard had some vine maples and a lot of room. Nothing serious if the catch broke out. I could deal with that and the neighbor had already said we could use his yard if we needed. This piece had to have been a 30 footer. That’s a big top in this situation.
I made the face cut, and eyed up the back cut and started through the tree. As the top swung down the catch rope tugged hard and the top started swinging over to the catch tree. It’s always a rush when you have these unusual drops. It swung over to the catch tree and began its wait for me to climb up and eat it.
As a professional tree climber, I do everything possible to ensure a safe day. I love the challenge and the physical training.
Until we’re up the tree again, take care!
There’s a really neat property in Lynden WA that has huge trees . It’s right in the middle of town and is around 15 acres. Total park setting. Fishtrap Creek runs right through it. Huge cedars, firs and maples. Just a beautiful property, full of awesome trees.
The owner hired me to limb 20 cedars and knock down some branches out of a couple maples up by the house. One of the maples has a base around 12 feet diameter. It goes up 25′ feet, then has multiple arms going up another 30′. He wanted some of the arms completely cut off. One of the ones he wanted cut off was unusual. This maple was a bear to climb. Once I got up to the 25′ mark I found something that makes you feel sick. The entire center of the tree was hollow. You wonder how these old rotted out trees can support so much branch weight growing out of it without breaking off.
From that part of the tree one of the branches went straight out, parallel to the ground, 20 feet. It had two shoots going up that were 15 feet high and were 12″ diameter coming off the main branch. Good size shoot. Here’s where it gets intense. I use a steel core flip line, if the saw hits it you have a chance not cut yourself out of the tree. The flip line is secured on your climbing belt. I scooted out on the branch inch by inch. When I got to the shoot my customer wanted cut off I stood up. Standing up with my flip line three feet from the base of the branch, I made the face cut two feet about my head. I did notice a slight crack in the branch but nothing that looked serious. Ready for the back cut, I eyed it and started through the tree. I barely had started cutting when the weight of the shoot split down from the cut below my flip line. I was instantly sucked into the tree. All I could think was that I was going to see blood come out of my mouth. My body tensed to the max and I just grunted hard. It was months ago but I can remember the seconds passing by so clearly.
Life had stopped and all was on this moment. Finally with a great snap, the branch gave way and broke off; slamming to the ground. I wasn’t sure for a minute if there was any internal damage. Funny, when tough situations happen, you still have to get out of the tree. As I was evaluating my state, the owner not seeing what had just happened, looked up as I was getting my wits back, and says, “you ever have any close calls.” That was funny. “Ya, a couple,” I said, “but I don’t talk about it while I’m in the tree.” It’s kind of funny when a customer looks up and ask, “have you ever fallen?”. I have to tell them to please not use the f word while I am still in the tree.
I knew the technique to prevent that situation from happening. You can know every technique in the book, but stuff happens. I use the technique now almost to a paranoia level. A split below your flip line only happens once, and you understand real well, better to take a couple extra minutes. By wrapping your lowering or repelling rope around the tree ,below the cut, five or six times or more depending on the size of the tree you are working with, you create a breaking point if the top is too heavy and it starts splitting out the tree. Sometimes I use chain. It’s a common technique.
Every tree man has times when he wishes he would have taken a little more time. Some write about what happened, and some don’t. It’s a great profession. I love it!
Here’s some things important to know about buying firewood in Bellingham and Whatcom County.
Many ways to purchase your firewood. Quality wood, quality service.
Some of this may seem like overkill but I have been told some crazy stories about firewood sales around the Bellingham area.
This really nice, very seniored, lady ordered a cord from me. She used wood to heat her home, and was freezing. She said that another “guy”, notice I didn’t say company ( rule 6 ), came by and asked for a deposit. He never came back.
Another time I delivered a cord and there was a huge stack of wood already there. She said she tried and tried to get it burning but just couldn’t get it going. Turns out she had a cord of cottonwood that smelt and felt like it was cut down the day before. Man, people can be ruthless.
Our firewood is a combination of Maple, Alder, Birch, Fir, Walnut, and Hazelnut. It’s been split and stacked drying from last year.
Click on the photo to the right to see how we sell firewood:
Click here to see different ways to purchase firewood.
Thank you for the opportunity to provide your family with firewood this winter.
Call DigLynden Tree Service at 360-318-9795 for pricing and delivery date.
Timing is everything in pruning trees in Bellingham – DigLynden Tree Service 318-9795.
This article came from the Arbor Days Foundation website. It’s a great source to read all about tree care. Please plant trees!
When to Prune
This depends to a large extent on why you prune. Light pruning and the removal of dead wood can be done anytime. Otherwise, here are some guidelines, but recognizing that individual species may differ is important to remember.
Pruning during dormancy is the most common practice. It results in a vigorous burst of new growth in the spring and should be used if that is the desired effect. It is usually best to wait until the coldest part of winter has passed. Some species, such as maple, walnuts and birches, may “bleed”—when the sap begins to flow. This is not harmful and will cease when the tree leafs out.
To direct the growth by slowing the branches you don’t want; or to slow “dwarf” the development of a tree or branch, pruning should be done soon after seasonal growth is complete. The reason for the slowing effect is that you reduce the total leaf surface, thereby reducing the amount of food manufactured and sent to the roots. Another reason to prune in the summer is for corrective purposes. Defective limbs can be seen more easily, or limbs that hang down too far under the weight of the leaves.
Pruning Flowering Trees to Enhance Flowering
If your purpose for pruning is to enhance flowering:
For trees that bloom in spring, prune when their flowers fade. Trees and shrubs that flower in mid- to late summer should be pruned in winter or early spring. When Not To Prune: Fall
Because decay fungi spread their spores profusely in the fall and healing of wounds seems to be slower on fall on cuts, this is a good time to leave your pruning tools in storage.
Now that you know when to prune your tree learn the basics of tree pruning.
I thought it might be interesting to share some of the more dangerous experiences I have had in providing tree service in Bellingham and Whatcom County.
I did this one job in Bellingham, for a repeat customer, that was one of the scariest. Located up behind the Keller Williams there in Bellingham, it was a 40′ Alder growing on a bank. The ground was wet from days of constant rain. On the top of this Alder an Ivy plant had made its home. The top ten or so feet was a huge ball of Ivy. The top of the Alder was over the house, and lowering it from below the cut of the top of the Alder may put too much weight on the tree and send it crashing to the ground.
Right next to the Alder was a 50′ Maple. I decided to climb the Maple and place my lowering anchor in it. With the anchor place in the Maple I climbed back down, and started back up the Alder. Climbing and hacking my way though a ladder of thick Ivy. At about 25′ feet I felt something I had never felt before. The entire tree lunged forward six inches and didn’t come back. That was a sick feeling. With the pressure of the tree going down there is no way to undo the steel core flip line holding you on the tree. Relax, try to stay on the top and prepare for impact. Needless to say I gently worked my way down the tree to the safety of the floor. I retrieved another lowering rope went up 10′, put it around the Alder and back around the Maple two times, tied it off and started back up to the top. This time I got 20′ up the Alder tree and the stupid thing lunged again. Oh my, that is not good. Back down I went. I went to the truck for another rope, went to 20′ put the second rope around both the Alder and Maple, it was a real break to have that Maple there for this one. Would you believe the tree lunged a third time. You got it, back to the truck for another rope and a come-a-long. Went up to the 20′ level, secured the end of the rope, climbed back down the tree and set the other end of the rope 50′ back around the base of a Doug Fir. Cranked the come-along until I saw the tree moving backwards, but not too much so as to not lose the tension of the other holding ropes.
Wow, that was a lot of work for the money. Tree cutting is a great profession and I have a lot of respect for those who do it.
DigLynden offers 24/7 emergency service. Call 360-318-9795
Choosing a tree service company in Bellingham can be a challenge. There are many very qualified companies with great people. Your choice is important.
Of course, make sure the company is licensed, insured and bonded. How long have they been in business. Any insurance claims?
Can they do the entire job. DigLynden can do all aspects of any tree job. Including: removal, clean up, stump grinding and getting your timber to the mill if possible.
DigLynden is a small company with low overhead. We appreciate our customers. When we pull out, you’ll be happy.
The only thing you’ll have left of the tree is the smell!
Call Tim for a free estimate 360-318-9795
DigLynden Tree Service started with an idea to give safe, quality service and the best possible price.
How do Tree Service Companies in Bellingham and Whatcom County come up with a fair price?
Several key aspects come into consideration.
Danger to life, usually mine, danger to the home, and the time it’s going to take to accomplish both in the process of bringing the tree to the ground. Then you double that for clean-up, and add for any thing unusual. That gets you an initial price. Then you consider your work schedule. You know that if others are slow they are going to bid aggressively. Too high you won’t get the work. Too low and you will not be in business very long.
Estimates for tree service in Bellingham and Whatcom County are free. Thank you for considering DigLynden Tree Service. I am Tim Bento, the owner, and I appreciate your business. Give me a call at 360-318-9795 to schedule your free estimate.
Interesting info on a variety of our social media channels. Thanks for choosing DigLynden Tree and Tractor Service!